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Human beings enjoy learning.

Everybody’s understanding is incomplete.


The people there are fighting for the independence of their country.

Ten dollars was a lot of money at that time.


There is a pen,two pencils and an eraser in the pencil box.

Neither the boy nor his teachers know the answer.



The furniture in that shop is all made in China.

Office equipment is very expensive nowadays.


Some people drive madly in this country.

Many cattle have died because of the flood.


His family is a happy one.

His family are all interested in stampcollecting



Bacon and eggs is a very popular British breakfast.


Jack and Mary are in love with each other.

Both Tom and John are absent today.

(3)在由or 或 nor 连接的并列结构中,动词单、复数形式一般与or 或 nor 后面的名词或代词保持一致。

He or his brothers are to blame for this.

Neither she nor you are mistaken.

(4)not only...but also 连接的结构作主语时,动词的单、复数形式依据 but also 后的名词或代词。

Not only Fred but also his parents love this small pet dog.

Not only the boys but also their mother is very ill.

SubjectVerb Agreement(Ⅱ)



Four years is too long for me to wait.

Sixty miles is a short run in a car.


The past three weeks were the hardest time in his life.

Hundreds of buildings were put up in the city last year.


Thirty percent of the oil in that country is imported.

Ten percent of the eggs have gone bad.


Three aircraft are reported missing.

Ten fish have been caught today.



All were hungry and desperate(渴望)for food.

All who have seen the film love it.


All is going well.(一切顺利。)

All is quiet in the middle of the night.


All roads lead to Rome.(条条道路通罗马。)

All things are difficult when we begin to do them.


All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.

Not all food is good to eat.6.带none的词组作主语时,其后面的动词单数或复数形式都可用。

None of you have / has had my experience.

None of the hotels are / is ready for guests yet.

NounPronoun Agreement

NounPossessive Case Agreement



You sure get to see things differently,don’t you?

You’ve heard the news,haven’t you?


Peter doesn’t smoke,does he?

The party won’t start until seven,will it?

10.附加疑问句的几点特殊用法(1)凡是带有no,none,no one,nobody,nothing,hardly,seldom,rarely,never,barely,few,little,neither等否定词的陈述句,都应看作否定陈述句,后面接肯定附加成分。

She seldom leaves the room in winter,does she?

People rarely go that far to that small village,do they?(2)当陈述句的主语everybody,everyone,someone,somebody,anyone,nobody,no one,neither,none时,附加成分中的代词一般用they。

Everyone at the party had a good time,didn’t they?

Neither of them said a word,did they?


There is something wrong with the child,isn’t there?

There is nobody in the room,is there?

(4)陈述部分是肯定的I’m...结构时,附加成分为aren’t I。

I’m the doctor ,aren’t I?

I’m late,aren’t I?

(在老式或极为正式的英语中用:I am late,am I not?)


You think(that) I did it,don’t you?

He didn’t say Mary would come,did he?

注意:当陈述部分的主句是I think,I suppose,I believe等时,附加成分往往与that从句中的主语和谓语动词保持对应关系,但要注意I don’t think等结构对从句的否定用法。

I suppose you are here to study,aren’t you?

I don’t think he came here just to say goodbye,did he?

I believe you are in urgent need of help,aren’t you?


I think he’s the best person for the job,don’t you?

(6)在祈使句后加一个附加疑问成分可缓和语气,附加成分一般用will you和would you,但也可用won’t you或can’t you。

Open the window,would you?

Give me a hand,won’t you?

(7)Let’s 型祈使句中附加成分用shall we。

Let’s go for a walk,shall we?

Let’s get down to work,shall we?

(8)陈述部分带有used to时,附加成分用did形式,偶尔用used to形式。

He used to smoke fifty cigarettes a day ,didn’t he?

有的语法书将used not缩略式定为usedn’t to,这是老式的用法,现在很少有人使用。